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The Sharia Practices for Establishing Sustainable Mining Industry

As mining will be the cornerstone of human civilization, it is continuing and shall continue (Gose, 2009), and thus, it is on the other side facing the negative images alleged by most of the world communities as the activity brings damages on the environment, and is quite a lot proved losing the local communities in terms of social and economic catastrophes. In some cases of mining operation, these issues often force the operators/companies to close the sites, but still leave the problems behind. Whereas for the mining which has been established, running the operation in several countries worldwide does not mean discharging from the issues. Setting up a sustainable mining industry in order to keep civilizing the humans, as well as preserving the environment and improving the social and economic impacts on the people, should be done and would pose a challenge at once. Such a project as Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development (MMSD) has demonstrated in responding the challenge of sustainable mining. In addition, general indicators on sustainable mining have been proposed by the Global Mining Initiative (GMI). Then, how Sharia, which is well-known as the blueprint of Muslim society, regulates a mining industry so it can comply with the sustainability concept. This paper is outlining the environmental, social and economic failures, which are caused by the implementation of current mining operation, and how sharia practically answers the challenge for establishing sustainable mining industry. The MMSD framework and the GRI indicators are included as comparisons.